PinkMonkey Online Study Guide-World History
1.7 Points To Remember
History : Meaning and Importance
This ’Fertile Crescent’ became a melting pot of cultures of
mainly the Sumerians, the Babylonians, the Assyrians and the
Chaldeans, which made various contributions.
Prior to the arrival of the Aryans in the Indian sub-continent,
there a highly civilized society of the Dasyus had been existing.
The history of the Aryans is chronicled in the four Vedas: Rig
Veda, the Yajur Veda, the Sama Veda
and the Atharva Veda. The Aryan period was followed
by a number of important dynasties and India reached the height
of glory in the Gupta Age, also known as the Golden Age.
An important dynasty of ancient China is the Chou dynasty which
brought forward two important philosophers: Confucius and Lao-Tze.
They gave Confucianism and Taoism respectively. The Chinese
civilization can be credited with the art of making paper and
silk-weaving, and the invention of ink, gun-powder and the mariner’s
The Dark Ages
This formed the foundation of European culture. It presented
the world with the modern alphabet, the concepts of democracy
and philosophy as well as the most important philosophers like
Socrates, Plato and Aristotle.
Medieval Europe was
characterized by a number of important concepts: nationalism,
feudalism, progress in Science, new styles of art and architecture,
vernacular literature. It recorded the first signs of modernism.
1.1 History: Meaning and Importance
1.2 Pre-historic Period
1.3 Early Civilizations
1.4 The Dark Age
1.5 The Medieval Period
1.6 Dates & Events
1.7 Points to Remember
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