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THE NOVEL - SUMMARY AND NOTES
TYPES OF PRINCIPALITIES DISCUSSED IN PART I
The types of principalities and their general characteristics as discussed by Machiavelli in Part I are summarized here for your convenient reference.
In the classifications that follow, notice the frequent reference to rebellion and military strength. These topics are discussed at length in Part II and are essential ingredients in Machiavelli's blueprint for maintaining a prince's authority.
Easy to maintain because the people are used to one family or person ruling them and will not want to change. Conservative policies are most favored. Status quo is defended. People seldom rebel.
Difficult to maintain because rebellion is commonplace. Forceful and absolute policies are demanded. Foreign powers should be limited in number. Colonies should be established that link themselves to the ruler's home territory.
Maintained only by force. Only military power can prevent subsequent loss. Potential for abuse, cruelty, and loss of personal freedoms. Successful only if the people support them.
Difficult to acquire because they are church-related, but easy to maintain because the people are governed by religious laws. Rarely subject to rebellion or civil disobedience. Model of political stability.