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A STEP BEYOND
TESTS AND ANSWERS
_____ 1. D. H. Lawrence believed that art
B. exists for its own sake
C. should depict life as it really is
B. the sexual inhibitions brought about by Victorian morality
C. the protagonist's struggle between loving his mother and finding a life mate
B. it makes Miriam devoted to him
C. his mother will be proud of his accomplishment
II. he's crude and vulgar
III. he crushes her hopes for upward mobility
B. III only
C. I, II, and III
B. a contrast with dirt and drudgery
C. the sexual and spiritual energy of the life force
B. he can escape his tormented family there
C. farm work makes him feel at one with the earth
B. drinking makes his hard mining life endurable
C. he hates his family's cloying middle-class aspirations
B. he can't get to the core of her
C. she wants to be a liberated, free woman
II. by teaching him that hard work and perseverance are necessary
III. in order to counter Miriam's otherworldly influence over him
B. I and III only
C. I, II, and III
B. he can't win his inner battle between sexual passion and filial devotion
C. he's prone to attacks of pneumonia
11. Discuss how Mrs. Morel helps and hurts Paul.
12. Consider the character of Mr. Morel and the reasons he develops into such a broken, failed man.
13. What is Lawrence's appraisal of industrialization?
_____ 1. Lawrence was most like Paul Morel in that he
B. was devoted to his mother
C. loved the English countryside
B. factory life at Jordan's
C. Walter's coal-mining activities
C. the river Trent
B. the known and the unknown
C. good times and bad
II. she's convinced Miriam is sucking the life out of her son
III. Miriam is disrespectful of her
B. I and II only
C. II only
B. a vital love of life
C. an irresponsible streak
B. distinguish herself from her crude farming environment
C. make Paul like her more
B. a drive toward commercial success and social respectability
C. a hatred of lower-class ideals and amusements
B. walks as fast as he can
C. can hardly wait to get there
11. Compare and contrast Baxter Dawes and Walter Morel.
12. Compare Mrs. Morel's feelings for both Miriam and Clara.
13. Discuss how and to what effect Lawrence uses realism in the novel.
11. You'll need to show in detail how Mrs. Morel aids Paul's success in life and how she makes it hard for him.
To show how she helps him, you'll want to discuss how she encourages his intellect, his art, and his sense of responsibility. You may want to point to her enthusiasm over his artistic achievements and the way she gently but forcefully makes him seek employment.
To show how she makes life difficult for Paul, you should discuss her possessiveness and jealousy over Miriam. You may also want to demonstrate how she makes him feel guilty for not always being attentive to her and her needs. Two good examples are her reactions when Paul, absorbed in Miriam, lets the bread burn, and when Paul, who has gone off on a holiday with a friend, returns to find her gravely ill.
In your third paragraph, you may want to say whether Mrs. Morel's influence over Paul is ultimately good or bad. While this is solely your own conclusion, use the examples of paragraphs one and two to support your decision.
12. You'll need to spend one paragraph on Mr. Morel's character and social upbringing before he meets and marries Gertrude. Talk about the way he sees life as a moment-to-moment thing, as well as his sensuous liveliness.
Next, explain the various problems that he and Gertrude have because of their different attitudes. Show how they battle over his irresponsibility and drinking. Trace how Morel declines in his ability to stand up for himself against his wife and family.
In your final paragraph, try to decide whether Mr. Morel's deterioration is something he brought upon himself or whether the disapproval of his family played a part in his humiliation.
13. To answer this question, you'll have to decide whether Lawrence thoroughly condemns industrialization or merely wants it to coexist in harmony with nature.
If you decide upon the former view, point to several instances in which industrialization suffocates people or cuts them off from their instinctive natures. The fact that the Bottoms are built impractically for human use is a good defense. Remember that the gardens are placed in the front of the miners' houses, while their lives revolve around the back kitchen, which looks out on a dingy alleyway. Also talk about the scene that shows Clara breaking her back over hours of tedious lace-making. You can even examine how long and grueling Paul's days at Jordan's are.
If you want to prove that Lawrence thought industry and nature should exist harmoniously on equal terms, you'll have to show that he believed there were benefits to industrial life. One example would be the carefree conviviality of the colliers. Even though they work hard, they're honest and jolly. Think also about the medical and educational benefits of the factory system. When Mr. Morel is in the hospital, he has disability insurance of a kind and the family is provided for. Notice, too, that Nottingham, an industrial city, seems glamorous and exciting to the young Paul. Urban industrial life is busy and teeming with stimuli.
You can sum up this argument with Lawrence's overall insistence that while industrialism can bring about economic prosperity and human communality, it should leave a good deal of nature intact so that human beings can feel their connection to the earth.
11. First, you'll want to describe how Walter and Baxter are alike physically, emotionally, and socially.
Then you should explain how they're different. A major difference between them is that Baxter seems to be able to work out his problems with Clara, whereas Walter Morel never succeeds in doing this with Gertrude Morel.
It's a good idea to write a final paragraph on the way Paul feels about these two men. Some readers feel that Paul's friendship with Baxter, a man resembling his father, is his way of identifying with or perhaps even trying to understand the father whom he has always hated. By reuniting Clara and Baxter, Paul symbolically reunites his parents, who were torn asunder by Mrs. Morel's total devotion to her sons.
12. The first thing to note is that Mrs. Morel is devoted to her sons, to the point of possessiveness. Once you establish this, analyze thoughtfully her attitude toward Miriam and Clara.
When you discuss Mrs. Morel's attitude toward Miriam, present key scenes such as the one in which she tells Paul the girl will suck the life out of him. Also talk about how unwelcome Gertrude makes Miriam feel in the Morel household.
Show how and why Mrs. Morel is kinder toward Clara. Write about how she lets Clara, unlike Miriam, help clean up after tea. Decide why Clara doesn't threaten Mrs. Morel's relationship to Paul and present evidence that this nonthreatening aspect of Clara makes her more acceptable to Mrs. Morel.
13. To answer this question, you must decide how the detailed realistic scenes of life among the coal- mining families affect you. You'll want to talk about the warmth and clarity with which Lawrence draws the Morel family at home. Two good passages to look at are the scenes when (1) Mr. Morel stays home and the children help him pack fuses and (2) the coal miners divide the week's earnings by the Morel hearth.
Another way to explore this question is to show how Lawrence takes everyday objects and turns them into magical, symbolic ones. A good example of this is the twisting, swirling river Trent and the way its meanderings reflect Clara and Paul's lovemaking and its aftermath. Describe how Lawrence starts such sequences with straightforward realism, which becomes heightened by poetry and then returns to everyday reality.
TERM PAPER IDEAS AND OTHER TOPICS FOR WRITING
© Copyright 1985 by Barron's Educational Series, Inc.