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Chapters 10 & 11
Malcolm's younger brother, Reginald visits him at the Prison colony. Malcolm was 'keyed up' to hear of his plan to get out of prison. However, Reginald spoke to him about God-'Allah'. He told Malcolm that all whites were devils. Somehow his words seemed to be true to Malcolm. For all the whites he had met until then had either tried to use him or hurt him. Reginald came back again after a few days and spoke to him for about two hours on the devil white man and the 'brain-washed' black man.
Malcolm began receiving letters from his brother, Philbert, and sister Hilda, that spoke about the Honorable Elijah Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah. This man had a message for the black people in America. Through their letters, he learned that History had been distorted, 'whitened', to subjugate the blacks. That the "Original Man" was black and came from Africa. While he built empires and cities, the whites were still living in caves. The whites (because of their devilish nature), pillaged and murdered the black people, enslaved them, and brought them to America. The slave women in America had been raped by the slave master-the white man. This led to a new generation of light colored 'brain washed' negroes who did not know about their home country, culture or even their family/tribe names. The negro in America was taught that his native Africa was a land of black savages who lived like monkeys.
The negro in America was taught to worship a God who was white with blue eyes, having resemblance to his white slave master. He was brainwashed into believing that every thing white was good, something to be admired and be in awe of.
The letters got Malcolm thinking. He reflected on his past, recalled all the whites he had come across with their demeaning attitude towards him and 'niggers' in general. Gradually he was being converted. Malcolm mentions reading about how Paul, on the road to Damascus, reacted on hearing the voice of Christ. He (Paul) was so 'smitten' that he fell off his horse in a daze. Malcolm could understand Paul's condition, for he too was going through similar turmoil within him. During this phase of Malcolm's life, the other convicts would find him sitting for hours without eating. Malcolm was reflecting on his past life, feeling guilty of the life he led, and thinking about the teachings of the Nation of Islam. The Nation of Islam was the organization of black Muslims headed by the Honorable Elijah Muhammad.
Hilda came to visit him. She urged him to write to Elijah Muhammad, who had come to Detroit to reorganize his Temple No. 1 (branch of the Nation). Hilda told Malcolm about 'Yacub's History, which speaks about how the white man came to be on Earth. This is one of the principle teachings of the Nation of Islam. According to this history, the original man on Earth was black. The religion followed by the blacks then was Islam. Among the blacks was a man called Yacub. He lived about sixty-six hundred years ago. He was a scientist who had learned how to breed races scientifically. He was born to make trouble and destroy the peace of the land (Mecca). He began preaching his ideas on the streets and market places and converted several people to his views. The authorities anticipated trouble from Yacub. So they exiled Yacub along with his 59,999 followers to the Island of Patmos. This Island is mentioned in the Bible as the place where John received the message contained in the book Revelations of the New Testament.
Angry with the authorities, Dr. Yacub although a black decided to create a new devilish white race; as a revenge. Dr. Yacub knew that black men had '2 germs'-black and brown. He knew that the brown germ remained dormant, as it was weaker of the two. He got the idea of separating the two germs and then grafting the brown germ to progressively lighter shades. The resulting humans carrying these light germs would have light color and would be more 'susceptible to wickedness and evil'. In this way he would finally get the white, 'bleached out' race of devils. Yacub took several years to implement his ideas and did live to see the final stage of a pure white race. Several hundred years later, the black population in the island passed through the stages of brown, red, and yellow to finally reach the point, where everyone was white, with blond hair and blue eyes. Six hundred years later this white population came to the mainland. Through deceit and weapons, they took control of the lands and subjugated the original black and brown peoples all over the world.