free booknotes online

Help / FAQ




<- Previous Page | First Page | Next Page ->
MonkeyNotes-Saint Joan by George Bernard Shaw
Table of Contents | Message Board | Printable Version

LITERARY INFORMATION

Shaw read the works of many writers who had written about Joan of Arc, including those of Shakespeare, Voltaire, Schiller, Tom Taylor, Percy Mackaye, Anatole France, Mark Twain, and others; these writings included a political drama, a melodrama, a mock-heroic poem, four historical studies, a novel, three more plays, and two critical biographies. Some of the works praise the young French maiden, and some are very critical of her. Religious literature, especially that written in France, claimed that Joan was a saint.

The popular Anglo-Burgundian estimate of Joan, current in England until the seventeenth century, was Hobenshed's Chronicle, which painted Joan as a harlot and witch whose power came from the devil. Shaw blended both views of Joan into his play. Although Shaw painted a largely positive view of the French heroine, the conspirators, especially de Stogumber, expressed the anti-Joan sentiment that lingered in England for so long.


In the eighteenth century, Voltaire and other writers generally laughed at saints and considered them to be phony religious creations. In keeping with his thinking, Voltaire reduced Joan to a bouncing chambermaid who married Dunois. From his cynical and skeptical point of view, her visions were simply hysterical hallucinations. Many of the writers of the nineteenth century, however, put saints back on their pedestals. Shaw combines both points of view in moderation. Like Voltaire, he removes the supernatural elements from Joan, but he treats her with respect, like the writers of the nineteenth century. As a result, Shaw creates a unique picture of Joan in his play about her.

Table of Contents | Message Board | Printable Version


<- Previous Page | First Page | Next Page ->
MonkeyNotes-Saint Joan by George Bernard Shaw
Google
Web
PinkMonkey

Google
  Web PinkMonkey.com   

All Contents Copyright PinkMonkey.com
All rights reserved. Further Distribution Is Strictly Prohibited.


About Us
 | Advertising | Contact Us | Privacy Policy | Home Page
This page was last updated: 5/9/2017 8:53:27 AM