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KEY LITERARY ELEMENTS
The novel is set in two cities, London and Paris. It has the French Revolution as its background. The novel covers a period of eighteen years. It starts in 1775, fourteen years before the fall of the Bastille and continues until the Reign of Terror (1792-93).
LIST OF CHARACTERS
Dr. Alexandre Manette
A French physician who is imprisoned for eighteen years in the Bastille, by the Marquis St. Evremonde. He is rescued and nursed back to health by his daughter Lucie. He helps her to save her husband Darnay.
The protagonist of the novel, who is a French nobleman by birth. He is a good man who renounces his inheritance and his title, preferring to earn an honest living as a tutor in England. He marries Lucie Manette. He is falsely accused during the Reign of Terror but is saved from the guillotine by Carton.
Lucie Manette Darnay
The beautiful and compassionate daughter of Dr. Manette, who becomes the wife of Charles Darnay. She is a very virtuous woman who reaches out to all human beings in need of love. Everyone she meets loves her and is loyal to her.
A clever barrister who resembles Darnay in appearance. Carton wastes his life by drinking and idling. His love for Lucie is the only bright spot in his life. He is a man of word and courage. He fulfills his promise by sacrificing his life for Darnay's.
Monsieur Ernest Defarge
A wine-seller in Paris. He had been Dr. Manette's servant and becomes a leader of the revolutionaries.
Madame Therese Defarge
The wife of Ernest Defarge, who is a cruel, embittered, and vengeful
woman. She has a watchful eye and records, in her knitting, the names
of all those who had to die. She represents the bloody and violent aspect
of the revolution.
Mr. Jarvis Lorry
An official of Tellson's bank who befriends the Manette family.
Lucie's devoted English nurse who is a woman of great strength and courage. She fiercely protects Lucie from any harm.
An odd-job man, who sits outside Tellson's bank during the day and is a body-snatcher by night. He provides comic relief to the story.
Jerry Cruncher's wife who is often beaten by her husband. She is a devout woman who prays frequently, for she does not approve of her husband's second profession.
The son of the Crunchers.
C. J. Stryver
A successful lawyer who is a selfish and ambitious man. He employs Carton and defends Darnay in England.
Marquis St. Evremonde
The cruel and ruthless uncle of Darnay who depicts the worst side of the aristocracy. He is killed by a revolutionary.
The faithful steward of the Evremonde family. He gets into trouble after the revolution breaks out. Darnay goes to Paris to help him.
The father of the child run over by the Marquis' carriage. He takes revenge by murdering the Marquis.
Miss Pross' brother. He is first a police spy in England and then a prison spy in France. He helps Carton save Darnay.
A police spy in England who becomes a prison spy during the revolution in France. He testifies against Darnay at his trial in London.
A bloodthirsty woman who is always at the side of Madame Defarge.
Young Lucie Darnay
The daughter of Lucie and Charles Darnay. She accompanies her mother to Paris when Darnay is imprisoned.
An arrogant aristocrat. After the Bastille falls, the angry mob hangs him.
An innocent young woman who is sentenced to die along with Darnay. She recognizes that Carton has taken his place and is comforted by him as they go to the guillotine.
Jacques One, Two, Three
Revolutionaries who secretly plan the revolution.