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MonkeyNotes-Utopia by Sir Thomas More
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Marriage is a solemn affair and divorce is seldom granted. To choose a life partner one is allowed to see the other naked in order to understand each other better. They have a family court of justice with the husband correcting the wife and parents correcting the children. The country's judges, therefore, are not overburdened with work. The Utopia have a novel approach to crime. They try to prevent crimes by good examples rather than punishment later. Therefore, they have only a few laws and no lawyers. Every Utopian knows these simple laws and can plead his own case. Judgment therefore becomes quicker.

Utopians do not enter into formal pacts with other nations. They think their word is good enough.

Utopians hate war, yet realize that it is inevitable. Once war is declared, they try to avoid bloodshed by all means. They use their gold and silver to subvert the enemy or to kill the enemy kings and captains. They engage mercenaries to fight and never fight on their own soil. As much as possible, the Utopia avoid war.


Utopians are allowed to practice any religion. The popular one is a multi-denominational one with no fixed deity. But belief in a Supreme Being and in the eternity of the soul is important. Atheism is not allowed. Death is considered as going from one state to another and is a happy event. They have only thirteen priests and these are elected. The priests are very holy men with a number of responsibilities.

There is no private property in Utopia. Everything is commonly owned. They support people through a system of social security. There is no money, no trade, nor any commerce. One of the great causes of inequality in the world is thereby eradicated. Hythloday says that it is a true commonwealth. Justice is assured in Utopia. With such a stable system, all the possibilities like class, creed, greed, theft and any other crimes are avoided.

After Hythloday's discourse, More is not thoroughly convinced, but says that some of the Utopia patterns are meritorious and should be adopted in Europe.

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