Federalism may also be contrasted with a unitary
government in which there is monopoly of legal authority at
the national level. The political subdivisions are only treated
as separate units for the convenience of administration. France
and Great Britain have unitary governments.
Initially, under the Articles of Confederation, the states in America remained sovereign states, enjoying the lionís share of power. The national government was a mere league of states that did not govern the people directly. However in 1789, the union of states became a federal union since the national and state governments had secured legislative councils as well as executive and judicial machinery. Moreover the national government could govern the people directly in domestic matters as well as in foreign policy.
2.1 Concepts of Federalism
Defining Federal-State Relations
2.3 Recent Trends in Federalism
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