CHAPTER 1: THE PERIOD OF RENAISSANCE AND REFORMATION
This chapter deals with the Renaissance and Reformation
in Europe. Geographical discoveries and explorations are also discussed.
Besides this, the establishment of the Tudors to the English throne, their
home and foreign policies are mentioned.
The name ‘Renaissance’ is given to the revival of learning.
It began in Italy and slowly spread throughout Europe effecting
England in the 15th and 16th centuries. Knowledge spread with the
invention of the Printing Press. When the Turks captured Constantinople,
scholars in that city fled from the wrath of the Turks to Italy
with their precious books. They established their own schools for
Greek language and learning. The Press helped to multiply the existing
books. Also a spirit of inquiry and experiment developed.
The Greeks had done ample research in the fields of Geography
and Astronomy. One book ‘The New Testament’ written in Greek was of great
help to the religious reformers.
The Geographical Discoveries had far-reaching effects
on the minds and hearts of the people. The impact of Geographical discoveries
were felt by many people. With the rise of the Tudors in England and the
advent of the Renaissance there, a new era began in the History of England.