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Directions:

Read the following passage and answer the questions at the end on the basis of what is stated or implied in the passage. Choose the best answer to each question and blacken the corresponding space on the answer sheet.

Some modern anthropologists hold that biological evolution has shaped not only human morphology but also human behavior. The role those anthropologists ascribe to evolution is not of dictating the details of human behavior but one of imposing constraints ways of feeling, thinking, and acting that "come naturally" in archetypal situations in any culture. Our "frailties" emotions and motivs such as rage, fear, greed, gluttony, joy,lust, love-may be a very mixed assortment quality: we are, as we say, "in the grip" of them. And thus they give us oursense of constraints.

Unhappily, some of those frailties our need for ever-increasing security among them are presently maladaptive. Yet beneath the overlay of cultural detail, they, too, are said to be biological in direction, and therefore as natural to us as are our appendixes. We would need to comprehend throughly their adaptive origins in order to understand how badly they guide us now. And we might then begin to resist their pressure.

  1. The author implies that control to any extent over the "frailties" that constrain our behavior is though to presuppose

    1. That those frailties and adaptive are recognized as currently beneficial and adaptive


    2. That there is little or no overlay of cultural detail that masks their true nature.

    3. That there are cultures in which those frailties do not "come naturally" and from which such control can be learned

    4. A full understanding of why those frailties evolved and of how they function now

    5. A thorough grasp of the principle that cultural detail in human behavior can differ arbitrarily from society to society.
  2. It can be inferred that in his discussion of maladaptive frailties the author assumes that

    1. Evolution does not favor the emergence of adaptive characteristics over the emergence of maladaptive ones


    2. Any structure or behavior not positively adaptive is regarded as transitory in evolutionary theory

    3. Maladaptive characteristics, once fixed, make the emergence of other maladaptive characteristics more likely

    4. The designation of a characteristic as being maladaptive must always remain highly tentative

    5. Changes in the total human environment can outpace evolutionary change.

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Index

Test 2

Section 1 : Verbal Section

Section 2 : Quantitative Section

Section 3 : Analytical Section

Section 4 : Quantitative Section

Section 5 : Verbal Section

Section 6 : Analytical Section

Answer Key To Test 2

Answer Explanation To Test 2
Section 1 : Verbal Section

Section 2 : Quantitative Section

Section 3 : Analytical Section
Section 4 : Quantitative Section
Section 5 : Verbal Section

Section 6 : Analytical Section

Test 3




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