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Section 5 : Reading Comprehension

  1. B
    The first and the second paragraph mention that sharks have low rates of cancer and they are resistant to diseases.( see line #6, lines #19 & 20)

    A. Incorrect. As mentioned in the second paragraph there is no proof yet that shark cartilage can prevent tumors in humans.
    C. Incorrect. Although not proven, people hold a misconception that it is able to prevent cancer.
    D. Incorrect. As mentioned in the last paragraph sharks take two decades to attain sexual maturity.
    E. Incorrect. Sharks live under water.Amphibians live on land and in water.

  2. A
    Known carcinogens injected into sharks by researchers donít trigger malignancies or tumors.

    B Incorrect. Diseases. This is close to being right, but carcinagens are diseases which are injected into sharks and these carcinagens don't trigger tumors.

  3. E
    In passage 1, the authorís primary purpose is to make people aware of the senseless slaughter of sharks.

  4. A
    The author is skeptic (doubtful) about the fact that pills made out of shark cartilage (for which they are slaughtered) can prevent tumors in humans.

    E Incorrect. The author "speculates" about the survival of the species (lines #79-83) or more specificly about it's reproductive potential, but this is not "ironic".

  5. C
    Shark fins are used to make soup.

    A. Incorrect. They are not be fed to starving children; they are very expensive.

    B. Incorrect. The shark cartilage is used to make pills.
    D. Incorrect. In fact, shark-fin is more valuable than the meat.
    E. Incorrect. They are not cancerous and instead, the body of the shark (not the shark fin) is thrown back into the water.

  6. D
    The word "inhibit" means restrict.

    A,B & C Incorrect. All have opposite meanings than what is required.
    E Incorrect. Slowdown- this is close, but slowdown implies that the cancer continues to grow, at a slower rate. Inhibit means that the growth is stopped.

  7. B
    The Fish Crisis: the source of high protein, low fat food (fish) in the ocean, that once seemed endless is facing rapid depletion.

    A. Incorrect. The passage is about fish in general and not about anyone particular fish species.
    C. Incorrect. The passage is mainly concerned about the depletion of fish, even though demand drives over-fishing.
    D. Incorrect. The passage does not speak of all the other water animals.
    E. Incorrect. The passage mentions a burgeoning global market but that is not the theme of the passage.

  8. C
    The word "burgeoning" means flourishing.

  9. A
    According to passage 2, the fish crisis is due to over fishing, coastal pollution and habitat destruction.

  10. A
    Whenever local population of a particular fish plummeted or fell sharply, boats simply targeted some other species.

    A,C, & D. Have opposite meanings than what is required in the context of the sentence.
    E incorrect. A filler that doesen't make sense in the context of the sentence.

  11. B
    The passage considers major factors causing the fish crisis: over fishing, coastal pollution and habitat destruction.

    A,C & E are trick questions. Passage 2 is not about sharks.
    D The passage does not discuss differences between tuna and sword fish.

12.   E
       The first passage is about sharks and the second        passage is about the fish crisis.

A. Incorrect. Both the passages do not deal with ecology although the second one does to an extent..
B, C & D Incorrect - Fish are not animals. Pollution is discussed, but only briefly.

13.   C
        The only statement that the two authors would         agree upon is Choice C. The other choices are         not logical extensions of the content of the         passages.
        
        A.    The authors would not go so far to advocate         banning all fishing.

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Index

Test 3

Section 1: Verbal Reasoning
Section 2: Mathematical Reasoning
Section 3: Verbal Reasoning
Section 4: Mathematical Reasoning
Section 5: Reading Comprehension
Section 6: Mathematical Reasoning
Section 7: Mathematical Reasoning
Answer Key To Test 3

Answer Explanation To Test 3
Section 1: Verbal Reasoning
Section 2: Mathematical Reasoning
Section 3: Verbal Reasoning
Section 4: Mathematical Reasoning
Section 5: Reading Comprehension
Section 6: Mathematical Reasoning
Section 7: Mathematical Reasoning

Test 4

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