Towards the end of the 18th century, Europe was shaken
by an uprising staged by the French people against autocracy and
aristocracy. The French Revolution began with the fall of the Bastille
on July 14, 1789 and continued till Napoleon Bonaparte rose to power.
This event is regarded as a landmark by most historians as tremendous
changes took place in France and these changes had a significant
effect on the other countries in Europe. The English revolutions
of 1672 and 1688 were political and religious,
while the American Revolution of 1776 was mainly political.
However the French Revolution of 1789 was political, social,
religious and economic for it swept away the existing
political institutions and aimed at establishing a more egalitarian
society, and responsible government than what was in existence earlier.