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followed another. Things that are now mere dreams had become
projects deliberately put in hand and carried forward. And the
harvest was what I saw!

‘After all, the sanitation and the agriculture of to-day are still in the
rudimentary stage. The science of our time has attacked but a little
department of the field of human disease, but, even so, it spreads
its operations very steadily and persistently. Our agriculture and
horticulture destroy a weed just here and there and cultivate
perhaps a score or so of wholesome plants, leaving the greater
number to fight out a balance as they can. We improve our
favourite plants and animals-and how few they are-gradually by
selective breeding; now a new and better peach, now a seedless
grape, now a sweeter and larger flower, now a more convenient
breed of cattle. We improve them gradually, because our ideals are
vague and tentative, and our knowledge is very limited; because
Nature, too, is shy and slow in our clumsy hands. Some day all this
will be better organized, and still better. That is the drift of the
current in spite of the eddies. The whole world will be intelligent,
educated, and co-operating; things will move faster and faster
towards the subjugation of Nature. In the end, wisely and carefully
we shall readjust the balance of animal and vegetable life to suit
our human needs.

‘This adjustment, I say, must have been done, and done well; done
indeed for all Time, in the space of Time across which my machine
had leaped. The air was free from gnats, the earth from weeds or
fungi; everywhere were fruits and sweet and delightful flowers;
brilliant butterflies flew hither and thither. The ideal of preventive
medicine was attained. Diseases had been stamped out. I saw no
evidence of any contagious diseases during all my stay. And I shall
have to tell you later that even the processes of putrefaction and
decay had been profoundly affected by these changes.

‘Social triumphs, too, had been effected. I saw mankind housed in
splendid shelters, gloriously clothed, and as yet I had found them
engaged in no toil. There were no signs of struggle, neither social
nor economical struggle. The shop, the advertisement, traffic, all
that commerce which constitutes the body of our world, was gone.
It was natural on that golden evening that I should jump at the idea
of a social paradise. The difficulty of increasing population had
been met, I guessed, and population had ceased to increase.

‘But with this change in condition comes inevitably adaptations to
the change. What, unless biological science is a mass of errors, is
the cause of human intelligence and vigour? Hardship and
freedom: conditions under which the active, strong, and subtle
survive and the weaker go to the wall; conditions that put a
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