CHAPTER 2 : FEDERALISM
Federalism is indeed the most striking aspect of
the American Constitution. It may be defined as the division
of political power between a central government, and
a number of local governments. Thus contiguous states associate
themselves under a common central government. They retain a portion
of their authority and jurisdiction, the rest of which is transferred
to the central government. The United States is not the only government
to establish a federal union. Switzerland became a federal state
in 1848, Canada in 1867, Germany in 1867, and Australia in 1900.
There is a difference between a federal union
and a confederation which is an association of sovereign
states. These states delegate certain limited powers to a central
authority however, they retain their full sovereignty. They even
possess the right to withdraw from the association. The Greeks sometimes
temporarily banded themselves into a confederation.
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Confederation and Federation
2.1 Concepts of Federalism
Defining Federal-State Relations
2.3 Recent Trends in Federalism
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