CHAPTER 4 : THE PRESIDENT
According to D.V. Verney, "The term Presidential
has been chosen, because in this system, the offices of head of
government and head of state are combined in a President."
In the Presidential system, the head of the state is
also the head of the government. He is the head of the executive
branch of the government. The framers of the Constitution were faced
with the problem that they had to appoint an executive authority
(as the Articles of Confederation had missed out on it) and
at the same time, did not want the powers to be excessive.
A natural born citizen, or a citizen of the United States
at the time of the adoption of the Constitution, who is 35 years old and
has been a resident of the United States for 14 years, is eligible to
contest for Presidential elections. The President is indirectly elected
by an Electoral College, in which each state chooses a certain number
of electors equal to the number of Senators and representative in the
Congress from the concerned State. The Twenty-second Amendment to
the Constitution limits the President to two full terms and a maximum
tenure of ten years.
The President may be suspended from his post for some
particular crimes, however the procedure is definitely complicated. He
only forfeits his immunities when he is dismissed from office by impeachment.
The Presidentís influence has always been great and it has steadily increased
4.1 The Powers of the President
4.2 The Functions of the President
4.3 The Organization of the Executive Branch
4.4 The Vice President and Presidential Succession