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PinkMonkey Study Guide - American History

8. 2 The U.S. and the First World War

When the World War I broke out in 1914, with Austria-Hungary declaring war on Serbia. Americaís first reaction was to stay out to conflict. President Wilson, in his speech to the Congress on August 19, 1914 said: "Every man who really loves America will act and speak in the true spirit of neutrality. The United States must be neutral in fact as well as in name during these days that are to try menís souls. We must be impartial in thought as well as in action."

All American leaders favored neutrality. While the entire European continent was divided into two camps: Germany, Austria, Hungary and Turkey as Central Powers were pitted against the Allied powers: Serbia, Britain, France, Belgium, Italy and Russia. As the war progressed, American public sympathies veered to the Allied side. Under the leadership of J.P. Morgan and Company many banking firms gave huge loans to the Allied powers.

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Table of Contents

8.0 - Chronology of Major Events
8.1 - Woodrow Silson's Administration
8.2 - The U.S. And The First World War
8.3 - Neutrality Rights
8.4 - Peace And Diplomacy At The Versailles Conference
8.5 - Points To Remember

Chapter 9


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