HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS
The science of heat and thermodynamics also grows out of the human sense of perception of touch of sight.
The subjective notions of heat and cold are replaced by the objective criterion of temperature and
gradually there is the realization that heat as a form of energy is manifested as collective mechanical energy
of atoms and molecules as well as the energy of radiant or electromagnetic waves. The study of heat
and thermodynamics can also be done on similar lines as the principles of mechanics and electromagnetic
The scope of treatment in this book is, however, limited largely
to empirical development except for a brief recourse to the kinetic
theory of gases.
and Thermodynamics Chapter 11
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