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25.4 Self Inductin and Mutual Induction Self Induction

When a tme-dependent i.e. a varying current flows through a coil, the flux through the coil )due to the magnetic field produced by current in it) will keep on changing. Hence an induced e.m.f. will be produced in it. This process is called self induction.

For any given coil it is found that , where L is constant for the given coil.

The quantity L depends on the geometry of the coil and is called Coefficient of Self Inductance.

S.I Unit of L = 1 Volt / 1 Amp / sec = 1 Henry

Note : 1 Volt / Amp = 1 Ohm

\ 1 Henry = 1 Ohm ´ sec

Mutual Induction

If two coils are kept close to each other and if a varying current flows through one of them then the intensity of the magnetic field intensity () due to the current will vary. Hence flux through the other coil will keep on changing with time; therefore an e. m. f. will be induced in the other coil. For any given combination of coils it is found that , where M is constant and is called the Coefficient of Mutual Inductance of the given arrangement of the given coils. The quantity M, like L, also depends on the geometry of coils and their arrangements.

S.I Unit of M = 1 henry.


25.1 Faraday's Experiments
25.2 Faraday's Law of Electromagnetic Induction
25.3 Rotating coil, Induced E.M.F. and The Dynamo
25.4 Self Induction and Mutual Induction
25.5 Transformer

Chapter 26

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