As a sonnet is a literary term or trend, otball is a type of sport.
As a sleeper is warned by a smoke alarm, a sailor is warned by a lighthouse.
To moisten something is less intense than to soak it; to simmer something is less intense than to boil it.
To alleviate pain is to lessen it; to mitigate a punishment to reduce its severity.
Since in both pairs the first word is a youthful version of the second word, sapling: tree makes a good analogy. The pairs being animals and plants respectively, does not make any difference.
As paper is made from wood, tires are generally made from rubber.
A hunter uses a decoy to attract ducks. An angler uses a lure to attract fish.
A large school of fish is called shoal. A group of bacterium is called a colony.
Lacking clarity is obscure. Lacking maturity is puerile.
The opposite of weak is strong. The opposite of tiny is huge.
B Capricious describes a person who is governed by whim as optimistic describes a
person who is governed by hope.
The passage is about water shortage.
A. Incorrect. The passage doesn’t speak of other effects of water.
B. Incorrect. This title does not depict shortage of water.
C. Incorrect. This is not a logical extension to the title.
D. Incorrect. This is not the focus of the passage.