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3.5 Bar Diagrams

1) Simple 'Bar diagram':- It represents only one variable. For example sales, production, population figures etc. for various years may be shown by simple bar charts. Since these are of the same width and vary only in heights ( or lengths ), it becomes very easy for readers to study the relationship. Simple bar diagrams are very popular in practice. A bar chart can be either vertical or horizontal; vertical bars are more popular.

Illustration :- The following table gives the birth rate per thousand of different countries over a certain period of time.



Birth rate


Birth rate

U. K.


New Zealand


Represent the above data by a suitable diagram.

Comparing the size of bars, you can easily see that China's birth rate is the highest while Germany and Sweden equal in the lowest positions. Such diagrams are also known as component bar diagrams.

2) Sub - divided Bar Diagram:- While constructing such a diagram, the various components in each bar should be kept in the same order. A common and helpful arrangement is that of presenting each bar in the order of magnitude with the largest component at the bottom and the smallest at the top. The components are shown with different shades or colors with a proper index.

Illustration:- During 1968 - 71, the number of students in University ' X ' are as follows. Represent the data by a similar diagram.

  Year      Arts      Science      Law    Total
  1968-69   20,000    10,000      5,000   35,000
  1969-70   26,000     9,000      7,000   42,000
  1970-71   31,000     9,500      7,500   48,000


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3.1 Introduction
3.2 Comparison Between Tabular And Diagrammatic Presentation
3.3 Difference Between Diagrams And Graphs
3.4 General Principles Of Constructing Diagrams
3.5 Bar Diagrams
3.6 Pie Chart
3.7 Graphs
3.8 Box and Whiskers

Chapter 4

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