PinkMonkey Online Study Guide-World History
12.5 Points To Remember
Causes of the Russian Revolution
There was widespread discontent among the peasants
who had to make do with unsophisticated agricultural machinery
and had to pay huge rents to the landlords. Hence they resented
the Czarist regime.
In the absence of trade unions, the administration
did not bother to improve the working conditions of the industrial
worker, which were becoming increasingly intolerable.
Social conditions had become unbearable with
widespread illiteracy and the absence of medical facilities
for the masses.
The people were not empowered to improve their
lot in any legal way, no press to ventilate their grievances
and even the parliament had limited powers.
Marxist ideas were influencing the masses in
an important way; Russia saw the establishment of two parties":
the Bolsheviks (Lenin) and the Mensheviks (Martov).
The defeat that Russia faced at the hands of
Japan made it consider its military strength and brought the
Russian regime under question.
The Revolution of 1905 served as dress rehearsal
for the main one in 1917.
Czarina Alexandra’s interference in political
affairs incensed the people.
A poor performance of Russia in the World War
created chaos in the country. The demoralized soldiers joined
the peasants in the revolt against the regime.
The Course of the Russian Revolution
Consequences and Significance of the Russian Revolution
Two revolutions occurred in 1917; the February
Revolution overthrow the Czarist regime and established a Republic
while the October Revolution overthrew the Republic and established
a dictatorship of the laboring class.
The February revolution had begun with riots
and strikes and gradually Petrograd was taken over by the Revolutionaries.
The Czarist ministers were expelled and Commissars
were commissioned in their place.
With the end of the Czarist regime, a Provisional
Government and the government of the Soviets of Workers’ and
Soldiers’ Deputies was soon established, the latter of which
was gained prominence in all cities, towns and districts.
Lenin led an agitation (in October) against
the Provisional government so that the Prime minister had to
The Bolsheviks became a major party in Russia.
A constitution was established which declared
Russia a Russian Socialist Federated Soviet Republic.
In 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic
was instituted by the All-Russian Congress of Soviets.
Lenin introduced the New Economic Policy that
was a mixture of state socialism and state capitalism.
Stalin introduced the Five-Year plans that
greatly improved the economic conditions of the country.
The country became the second most highly industrialized
country after the U.S.A.
A republic was instituted in place of the Czarist
The world was forced to reconsider the undue
emphasis given to democracy as a form of government.
The revolution inspired the labor classes of
the world to unite against the capitalist class.
The concept of economic planning was an important
It unleashed a cold war between states upholding
communist doctrines and those maintaining anti communist ideology;
the world was divided into two.
The Revolution turned Russia into a super power
under influential rulers like Lenin and Stalin.
12.0 - Introduction
12.1 Causes of theRussian Revolution
12.2 The Course of the Russian Revolution
12.3 Consequences and Significance of the Russian Revolution
12.4 Dates & Events
12.5 Points to Remember
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