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(iii) NAM in the International Scene

The 1950s was an era of tension as it witnessed disturbing developments such as the Berlin Blockade, the Indo-China War, the Congo (Zaire) Civil War and increase in the amount nations were acquiring nuclear. It was followed by a period where a nuclear war seemed inevitable in the face of the intensifying Cold War. This is the time when the Non-aligned powers came together in the Belgrade Summit (1961) and the Cairo Summit (1964) with the purpose of dissuading the concerned nations from any kind of confrontation. From this time onwards the views of the non-aligned nations are acknowledged by other nations of the world. In fact, it can be considered to be the biggest peace movement in the world. It boasts of the membership of almost all the developing countries of the world. It is sometimes called the ’Third bloc,’ however, it maintains the view that it is a "movement rather than an organization."


Growth of NAM

Summit

Venue

Chairperson

No. of Members

First
Sept. 1-6,1961

Belgrade

Marshal Tito

25

Second
Oct. 5-10, 1964

Cairo

President Nasser

47

Third
Sept. 6-10, 1970

Lusaka

President K. Kaunda

53

Fourth
Sept. 5-9, 1973

Algiers

President H. Boumediene

75

Fifth
August 11-14, 1976

Colombo

President S. Bhandaranaike

85

Sixth
Sept. 3-9, 1979

Havana

President Fidel Castro

94

Seventh
March, 7-12, 1983

New Delhi

Prime Minister Indira Gandhi

100

Eighth
Sept. 1-7, 1986

Harare

President R. Mugabe

100

Ninth
Sept. 4-10, 1989

Belgrade

President Janez Drnovsek

103

Tenth
Sept. 6, 1992

Jakarta

President Suharto

108

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Index

18.0 Introduction
18.1 Regional Organizations
   a. E.E.C
   b. O.P.E.C
   c. S.W.A.P.O
   d. S.A.A.R.C
   e. A.S.E.A.N,
   f. G.A.T.T.
   g. N.A.F.T.A
18.2 International Organizations
   a. N.A.M
   b. The Commonwealth
   c. U.N.O.
18.3 Dates & Events

Chapter 19





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