18.2c United Nations Organization (U.N.O)
The World War II resulted in widespread concern for world peace. Hence the United Nations Organization was established after the war in 1945. It was formed to bring terminate to wars and ensure permanent peace in the world as well as to enhance the economic and cultural development of mankind.
The UN flag
Reasons for the establishment of the U.N.O.
Various reasons were responsible for the establishment of the U.N.O:
The Second World War: Undoubtedly, the Second World
War proved more destructive that the first. It left millions
dead and disabled. The fact that another war of the greater
scale would possibly bring in the destruction of the world and
of human civilization altogether, became a matter of concern
the world over.
Need for Permanent Peace in the World: The disastrous
results of the Second world War gave rise to the need of an
organization which could establish and maintain permanent peace
in the world. Since the Second World War had originated from
the First, all the countries feared that the Second World War
could be the cause of a Third. Hence such an organization was
even more desirable.
Elimination of Mutual Suspicions: One of the results
of the Second World War was the division of some of the major
countries into two diametrically opposed ideological blocs:
the Communist and the Western bloc. Both had no faith in each
other. Hence there was an urgent need to reduce the confrontation
between them and bring them together through a particular institution.
Invention of destructive weapons: With the invention
of sophisticated atomic weapons (that were successfully tested
during World War II), the threat to the survival of modern civilization
had intensified more than ever. Therefore an organization was
required where all the nations of the world could come together
and consider ways to save themselves and mankind from the destruction
caused by such deadly weapons.
18.1 Regional Organizations
18.2 International Organizations
b. The Commonwealth
18.3 Dates & Events
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