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18.2c United Nations Organization (U.N.O)

The World War II resulted in widespread concern for world peace. Hence the United Nations Organization was established after the war in 1945. It was formed to bring terminate to wars and ensure permanent peace in the world as well as to enhance the economic and cultural development of mankind.

Exhibit 18.3
The UN flag

  1. Reasons for the establishment of the U.N.O.

Various reasons were responsible for the establishment of the U.N.O:

  1. The Second World War: Undoubtedly, the Second World War proved more destructive that the first. It left millions dead and disabled. The fact that another war of the greater scale would possibly bring in the destruction of the world and of human civilization altogether, became a matter of concern the world over.

  2. Need for Permanent Peace in the World: The disastrous results of the Second world War gave rise to the need of an organization which could establish and maintain permanent peace in the world. Since the Second World War had originated from the First, all the countries feared that the Second World War could be the cause of a Third. Hence such an organization was even more desirable.


  3. Elimination of Mutual Suspicions: One of the results of the Second World War was the division of some of the major countries into two diametrically opposed ideological blocs: the Communist and the Western bloc. Both had no faith in each other. Hence there was an urgent need to reduce the confrontation between them and bring them together through a particular institution.

  4. Invention of destructive weapons: With the invention of sophisticated atomic weapons (that were successfully tested during World War II), the threat to the survival of modern civilization had intensified more than ever. Therefore an organization was required where all the nations of the world could come together and consider ways to save themselves and mankind from the destruction caused by such deadly weapons.

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Index

18.0 Introduction
18.1 Regional Organizations
   a. E.E.C
   b. O.P.E.C
   c. S.W.A.P.O
   d. S.A.A.R.C
   e. A.S.E.A.N,
   f. G.A.T.T.
   g. N.A.F.T.A
18.2 International Organizations
   a. N.A.M
   b. The Commonwealth
   c. U.N.O.
18.3 Dates & Events

Chapter 19





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