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1.9 Subsequent Amendments to the Constitution (1789 - 1992)

After the Bill of Rights in 1789, further amendments were added to the Constitution. After the first Congress, over 4000 amendments were laid before the Congress of which the states approved of the following:

Amendment Number XI: One state cannot be sued by a citizen of another state or of a foreign state, without its consent. (1798)

Amendment Number XII: There should be separate voting for the President and the Vice- President. (1804)

Amendment Number XIII (Civil War Amendment): Slavery stands abolished. (1865)

Amendment Number XIV (Civil War Amendment): Citizenship should be based on birth and naturalization. No state can deprive any person of life, liberty or property without the process of law; equal protection will be provided by the laws; sanctions were provided for protecting Negro rights. (1868)

Amendment Number XV (Civil War Amendment): Right to vote should not be denied or abridged by the United State or any state on grounds of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. (1870)


Amendment Number XVI: A power to lay and collect taxes on income, without apportionment among several states (1913)

Amendment Number XVII: There should be direct election of senators. (1913)

Amendment Number XVIII: National prohibition (1919)

Amendment Number XIX: Women's suffrage (1920)

Amendment Number XX: Lame-duck (1933)

Amendment Number XXI: Repeal of XVIII (1933)

Amendment Number XXII: President could only stand for two terms. (1951)

Amendment Number XXIII: The right to vote for President was given to citizens of the District of Columbia. (1961)

Amendment Number XXIV: Prohibition of poll tax on voting (1964)

Amendment Number XXV: Succession of President or Vice-president (1967)

Amendment Number XXVI: The minimum age for voting was fixed at 18. (1971)

Amendment Number XXVII: Fixing the limits for the period when pay raises for the Congress members could be enacted. (1992)

Index

1.0 - Introduction
1.1 The Continental Congress
1.2 The Articles of Confederation
1.3 The Constitutional Convention
1.4 Key Concepts in the Constitution
1.5 Summary of the Constitution
1.6 The Debate over Ratification
1.7 The Amendment Process
1.8 The Bill of Rights
1.9 Subsequent Amendments (1789-1992)

Chapter 2





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