10.2 Obstacles to Voting
Though African American males gained the suffrage
in 1870, by the adoption of the fifteenth amendment, states with
large Negro populations continued to deny them the right. They attempted
to limit Negro voting by various methods such as the so-called grandfather
clause, the white primary, the poll tax requirement, literacy tests
as well as manipulation of registration provisions. The states managed
to manipulate the rights of the African Americans as they had the
authority to set registration procedures.
10.2a Poll taxes
Many states required the payment of a poll or head tax as a prerequisite to voting. A poll tax is a direct personal tax levied at a stated rate per head on all adults as a rule by a local government under state authority. Owing to the poor economic status of the average African American in the south, the poll tax was an effective method of keeping Negroes from voting. The Twenty-fourth amendment finally abolished this tax in 1964.
BY TH’ WAY, WHAT’S THAT BIG WORD?"
10.1 The Expansion of Suffrage
Obstacles to Voting
Getting Nominated and Compaigning for Office
Electing Candidates to Office