|PinkMonkey Study Guide - American History
7. 2 Agriculture
Agriculture too witnessed major changes in nineteenth
century America: Until 1800, American farmers were using wooden
plows and harrows along with other hand tools. With mechanization,
agriculture became more commercialized In 1830, John Deere
invented a steel plow. Reapers, which reduced the labor for harvesting,
were built by Cyrus Mc Cormick in 1848. Mechanical threshers,
movers and hay rakes were also introduced. In fact, the manufacture
of farm tools became an important industry after the Civil War.
Improvements in transportation further helped in the commercialization
of agriculture. Various parts of the country started specializing
in a particular farm products. For instance, Cotton was the chief
crop of the south.
In 1862, The Department of Agriculture was created. The Department
provided generous grants to educational institutions which made
agricultural and mechanical arts part of the curriculum. By 1870,
agricultural courses become an important part of the educational
system in the U.S.
Table of Contents
7.0 - Chronology of Major Events
The Growth Of Industry
Settlement In The West And The Indians
Rise Of Reform Movements
Women's Rights Movement
Rise Of The Labour Movement
America Becomes A World Power
7.8 - The Spanish-American War
7.9 - Panama Canal
7.10 - Points To Remember
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