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13.6 Compounds with Additional Elements

When hydrogen atoms of alkanes are replaced by the corresponding number of halogen atoms, the compounds obtained are called halogen derivatives of alkanes (Alkyl halides). The following figure shows how different halogen derivatives are obtained from hydrocarbons:

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The substituted atoms may be fluorine, chlorine, bromine iodine or any combination of these elements.



13.1 Introduction
13.2 Functional Groups

13.3 Formula of Organic Compounds
13.4 Geometrical Isomerism
13.5 Hydrocarbons
13.6 Homologous Compounds

Chapter 1

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