6.2 TRIGONOMETRIC EQUATIONS
Equations involving trigonometric functions of unknown angles are called
1) identities, if they are satisfied by all values of the unknown angles for
trigonometric functions are defined.
2) Conditional equations which are satisfied by particular values of the unknown
A Solution is a value of the angle which satisfies a given trigonometric
Solution in a particular interval, such as 0 £ x £ 2p are usually
known as "primary
A general solution is that formula which lists all possible solutions.
No clear - cut procedure of solving general trigonometric equation exist. It
involves the use of identities, algebraic manipulation, trial and error etc.
Some standard procedures are given below.
1) Factoring (2) Squaring both sides (3) Expressing various functions in terms
of single function .
Solve sin x - sin 2x = 0
Solution : sin x - sin 2x = 0
Solve : sin 4x - sin 2x = 0
Solution : sin 4x - sin 2x = 0
sin 4x = sin 2x
Now putting n = 0, 1, 2, ... the values of
in the range 0 £ £ 2 p gives the