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PinkMonkey Online Study Guide-World History


13.1 Causes of the Growth of Dictatorships in Europe

Italy was thrown into a state of poverty, discontent and disorder after World War I. Though the Italians had won the war, their claims were not accepted at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. They were thus seeking a leader who would fulfill their ambitions. They found him in Benito Mussolini.

Exhibit 13.1
Benito Mussolini

Thanks to the Treaty of Versailles (1919), Germany was physically mutilated, economically suffocated, emotionally humiliated and territorially encircled. Thus the German youth was filled with a sense of intense hatred and revenge against the Allied Powers. These popular sentiments were well exploited by Adolf Hitler.

At the Washington Conference of 1921-22, Japan was forced to sign three treaties. She was thus looking for an opportunity penetrate into China.

The Soviet Union also sought to fulfill its mission of a world communist revolution, after World War I, thus threatening the whole world.


Democratic governments were not able to solve the social, political and economic problems of the post-war period. This exposed the evils in their functioning.

The victorious powers such as Great Britain, the U.S.A. and France failed to enforce the Treaty of Versailles vigorously. This also encouraged the growth of dictatorships.

The League of Nations was unsuccessful in its aim to preserve peace. Thus the path was paved for the growth of totalitarian dictatorships.

The world economic crisis in 1929, caused frustration, despondency and despair all over the world. Forces of international anarchy were released in 1931, when Japan invaded Manchuria. This convinced the world dictators, that the road to aggression was not difficult.

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Index

13.0 - Introduction
13.1 Causes of the Growth of Dictatorships in Europe
13.2 The Rise and Fall of Dictatorship in Italy
13.3 The Rise and Fall of Dictatorship in Germany
13.4 The Rise and Fall of Dictatorship in Spain
13.5 The Rise and Fall of Dictatorship in Portugal
13.6 Significance and Impact of Dictatorships in Europe
13.7 Dates & Events
13.8 Points to Remember

Chapter 14





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