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PinkMonkey Online Study Guide-World History


13.6 Significance and Impact of Dictatorships in Europe

The Fascist and Nazi dictatorships were anti-humanist for the dictators had no regard or consideration for fellow feelings. As dictatorship is founded on fear and force, it employs the most violent and coercive measures for suppressing and eliminating all opposition. In Germany as well as in Italy, freedom of speech, expression, belief, worship, communication, press and other freedoms, under which the human personality flourishes, were abolished.

The dictatorships that emerged in Italy and Germany, during the post World War I period were highly anti-internationalist. Both the Fascists and the Nazis were fully intoxicated with the doctrines of militarism. Hence the patriotic and nationalistic spirit in these nations intensified and sanctified these ideas, which proved to be a great source of danger to internationalism. Both Mussolini and Hitler glorified and worshipped war as a noble activity. They condemned the international reign of law and peace, as acts of cowardice and hypocrisy. Hence Mussolini and Hitler inaugurated an era of naked, brutal and ruthless aggression. Thus they proved to be the most dangerous enemies of internationalism.

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Index

13.0 - Introduction
13.1 Causes of the Growth of Dictatorships in Europe
13.2 The Rise and Fall of Dictatorship in Italy
13.3 The Rise and Fall of Dictatorship in Germany
13.4 The Rise and Fall of Dictatorship in Spain
13.5 The Rise and Fall of Dictatorship in Portugal
13.6 Significance and Impact of Dictatorships in Europe
13.7 Dates & Events
13.8 Points to Remember

Chapter 14

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