The General Assemblyís chief functions are:
To discuss matters relating to international peace and security.
To promote international cooperation in economic, social, educational,
cultural and health fields.
To promote the development and codification of international
To promote cooperation in the realization of human rights and
fundamental freedoms for all.
To promote friendly relations among nations.
To discuss and make recommendations on any question affecting
the powers and functions of any organ of the U.N.O.
To receive and consider reports from Security Council and other
organs of the U.N.O.
To consider and approve the budgets of the U.N.O. and itís
To perform the functions which are concerned with international
To elect members of the U.N.O., the Security Council, Economic
and Social Council, the Trusteeship Council and the International
Court of Justice.
To appoint the Secretary General at the recommendation of the
The Security Council
The Security Council is the executive body of the U.N.O. It is
the most influential organ of the U.N.O. The Council has 15 members.
The U.S.A., Russia, England, France and China are the permanent
members. Their support is required for every decision. The
remaining ten non-permanent members are elected by the General
Assembly for two years. At any one time, the ten rotating members
must consist of five countries from Africa and Asia, two from
Latin America, one from Eastern Europe and two from Western Europe.
Each member of the Council has one vote. Each President holds
the post for a month.
The functions and powers of the Security Council are:
To maintain international peace and security.
To investigate any dispute or situation which might lead
to international friction.
To recommend methods of adjusting such disputes or terms
- To formulate plans for the regulation of armaments.
To determine the existence of a threat to peace or acts of
aggression and to recommend what action should be taken.
To call on the members to apply economic sanctions and other
measures to prevent or stop aggressions.
To take military action against an aggressor.
To recommend the admission of new members.
To exercise the trusteeship functions of the United Nations.
To elect the judges of the International Court of Justice.
To recommend to the General Assembly the appointment of the
The International Court of Justice
It is the chief court of the U.N.O. It has 15 judges that are
elected by the General Assembly and the Security Council voting
separately. The term of the judges is restricted to nine years
and they may be reelected. The seat of the court is at Hague in
It primarily functions to settle mutual disputes among different
nations by peaceful methods. Other agencies of the U.N.O. also
approach it for consultation. It may also to resolve disputes
among nations, arising on legal questions or treaties.
18.1 Regional Organizations
18.2 International Organizations
b. The Commonwealth
18.3 Dates & Events
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