PinkMonkey Online Study Guide-World History
19.3 Achievements in Biology
Julius Von Sacks a German botanist, is well-known
for his discovery of photosynthesis. Jean Baptiste Lamarck is considered
to be the real father of evolutionary biology. One of the most radical
figures in modern biology was the English naturalist Charles Darwin
who presented his masterpiece the Origin of Species in 1859.
Albe Gregor Mendel, an Austrian, is regarded as
the father of the science of genetics.
Louis Pasteur, the world-renowned French chemist
and microbiologist, developed the process of "Pasteurization"
by which micro-organisms (bacteria) present in foodstuff like milk,
fruit juice etc are killed, so that they do not get spoiled so easily.
Pasteur’s greatest contribution was the immunization procedure which
enabled the cure of hydrophobia.
Thomas Hunt Morgan developed the "gene theory."
By 1906, Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins demonstrated
that good health also requires ’accessory food factors’ which came
to be known as ’Vitamins.’