PinkMonkey Online Study Guide-World History
19.4 Achievements in Medicine and Surgery
Medical science has made enormous strides during
the last 150 years. Rene Laennec is world renowned for his invention
of the stethoscope.
With the aid of the microscope, Robert Koch discovered
the germs which caused cholera and tuberculosis. Emil Von Behring
enabled the protection of children from diphtheria by introducing
vaccination. Walter Reed, an American doctor, found that yellow
fever was spread by mosquitoes.
Sir James Young Simpson discovered the anaesthetic
properties of chloroform. Sir Joseph Lister, a world-renowned English
surgeon of Glasgow University, is considered to be the father of
antiseptic surgery. In 1929, Sir Alexander Fleming demonstrated
that Penicillin was a miracle drug in treating diseases like pneumonia,
syphilis, peritonis, tetanus and other illnesses. The first successful
heart transplant was performed by Dr. Christian Barnard.
19.1 - Achievements In Physics
19.2 - Achievements In Chemistry
19.3 - Achievements In Biology
19.4 - Achievements In Medicine And Surgery
19.5 - Innovations In Transport And Communication
19.6 - Dates & Events