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8.8 Points To Remember
Features of the Industrial Revolution
An important change from Domestic to the factory
system: a wage tie between labor and capital was brought into
The new system enabled mass production which
was an unprecedented development.
New energy sources and raw materials were being
brought into use.
Important inventions (the Spinning Jenny, Davy’s
Safety Lamp) were made. Science was increasingly applied to
Inevitably associated with the Industrial Revolution
were socio-economic, political, cultural
and psychological changes in the world.
Origin of the Industrial Revolution
England was the first country to foster the
The country had adequate wealth to promote
overseas trade as well as new industries.
Political and social stability provided a healthy
The Agrarian revolution left a number of people
unemployed who could therefore be employed as labor for the
The Continental System of Napoleon encouraged
England to purchase cheap raw materials from her colonies and
sell finished products (at higher rates) back into the colonies.
The Royal Society of London encouraged scientific
Course of the Industrial Revolution
The textile industry saw a boom with a number
of efficient inventions: the Spinning mule, Arkwright’s Water
frame, Cartwright’s Power Loom and Whitney’s Cotton Gin.
Steel became an important raw material for
a better grade of tools and implements.
Richard Trevithick introduced the first steam
Stephenson’s locomotive introduced the concept
of speed in the railroads.
Thomas Newcomen is remembered for the invention
of the first steam engine that could pump water out of mines.
Steam power was introduced and gained importance
as a powerful motive force.
In the agricultural sphere, important contributions
were Tull’s seed drill, crop rotation and the concept of scientific
Spread of the Industrial Revolution
The industrial revolution spread from England
into the whole of Europe.
France came to be known for its textiles, Germany
established a lead in fine metal industry while the U.S.A. set
up a strong industrial empire.
8.2 Features of Industrial Revolution
8.3 Origin of Industrial Revolution
8.4 Course of Industrial Revolution
8.5 Spread of Industrial Revolution
8.6 Consequences of Industrial Revolution
8.7 Dates & Events
8.8 Points to Remember
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