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PinkMonkey Online Study Guide-World History

15.5 Points To Remember

Causes of World War II

  • The absolute aggression unleashed by dictators such as Mussolini, Hitler, General Franco led to building up of international strife.

  • The Treaty of Versailles was not enforced by the Allies, hence Germany disregarded it.

  • Efforts of disarmament failed miserably as "security first, disarmament afterwards" became the slogan of most of the countries in Europe.

  • Hitler sparked off the war by invading such territories as Austria, Sudetland and Poland under the pretext that its nationalism is endangered.

  • The member nations lost faith in the League of Nations as an international authority, so that the nations sought war as the only means to settle mutual disputes.

  • Course of World War II

  • Hitler attacked Poland on September 1, 1939.

  • England and France retaliated by declaring war on Germany.

  • Russia began invading neighboring countries.

  • After invading insignificant states like Holland and Denmark, Germany invaded and captured France.

  • Britain confronted the Axis powers alone.

  • The Anglo Russian pact was signed against Germany.

  • The U.S.A. entered the war when Japan attacked the Pearl Harbor in 1940. The U.S.A., Britain and Russia were pitted against Germany, Italy and Japan.

  • Italy surrendered unconditionally in 1943.

  • Germany did the same after it was defeated by the Allies in 1945, and Hitler committed suicide.

  • Japan surrendered after the two atom bombs Hiroshima and Nagasaki were dropped on the country.

  • Consequences of World War II

  • It resulted in mass destruction of life and property. Both the victors and the vanquished emerged with huge losses. The war proved how it was possible to wipe out the human race from the face of the earth.

  • Each of the vanquished countries was faced with humiliating peace terms. Germany was divided into four parts, each to be placed under different Allied countries. The size of Italy was greatly reduced as a substantial part of the territories were taken over by the victors. General Mac Arthur was given the command of Japan.

  • The British Empire crumbled, as most of the colonies gained independence. Thus new nation states were born.

  • The U.S.A. emerged as a major super power. It was the only country to have made maximum profits during the war.

  • The USSR emerged as another super power.

  • Most major countries of the world were left divided into two diametrically opposite blocs: the Capitalist and the Communist bloc.

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    15.0 - Introduction
    15.1 - Causes of World WarII
    15.2 - Cours of World WarII
    15.3 - Consequences of World WarII
    15.4 - Dates & Events
    15.5 - Points to Remember

    Chapter 16


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