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PinkMonkey Online Study Guide-World History

5.1 Growth and Features of the Revolution

The Intellectual Revolution did not break out suddenly. Its gradual growth was a result of various factors:

  1. Europe had expanded greatly from the 14th to the 17th century, giving rise to increased knowledge of and an interest in distant places and persons.

  2. ALIGN="JUSTIFY"> The growth of commerce and the use of cheap labor in Asia, Africa and the Americas had led to a tremendous growth of wealth. This provided the middle class and the nobles with sufficient leisure as well as an inclination to study.

  3. A wider study of the Copernican theories of the 16th century had resulted in a changing conception of the universe.

  4. The bitter religious conflicts of the 16th and 17th centuries were accompanied by a reaction against bigotry as well as intolerance.

  5. Several sordid dynastic and colonial wars took place in the 17th and 18th centuries. They were followed by a strong reaction against the resulting evils and suffering.

ertain outstanding features marked the Intellectual Revolution of the 17th and 18th centuries:
  1. A great stress was laid on the importance of natural science.

  2. There was a rise of ínatural religioní and also of skepticism about Christianity.

  3. Further, the rise of the idea of íprogressí was prominent.

  4. There was a tendency to apply a critical spirit to subjects like religion, politics, education and economics.


5.0 - Introduction
5.1 Growth and Features of the Revolution
5.2 The Rationalist Spirit and the Contribution of Voltaire
5.3 Application of the Critical Spirit
5.4 Age of Enlightened Despots
5.5 Dates & Events
5.6 Points to Remember

Chapter 6


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