PinkMonkey Online Study Guide-World History
5.6 Points To Remember
Growth and Features of the Revolution
- Geographical discoveries from the 14th to 17th centuries led
to a broadening of the outlook.
- Growth in trade brought about leisure to pursue artistic and
literary interests among the middle class.
- Copernican theories revolutionized human perception of the universe.
- Reformation of the 16th and 17th centuries brought in tolerance
- Natural Science as well as a natural religion gained prominence.
- Subjects like economics, religion, politics and education were
viewed with a critical perspective.
- The empirical view of science was emphasized and acquired.
- Important scientists were Newton, Liebnitz and Volta.
- William Harvey discovered the circulation of blood.
- Lavoisier, Priestley and Cavendish laid the foundation for modern
- Large scale printing helped in the rapid spread of ideas.
The Rationalist Spirit and the Contribution
- Deism or natural religion came to be acknowledged. An important
propounder of this was Voltaire.
Application of the Critical Spirit
While religious toleration increased religious
John Milton, Locke and Montesquieu played prominent
roles in the political field. Rousseau is remembered for his
famous ’social contract’ theory.
Thomas Jefferson’s views on education were
acclaimed and accepted.
A new era in the economic field was established
the Adam Smith’s work The Wealth of Nations.
Age of Enlightened Despots
5.0 - Introduction
5.1 Growth and Features of the Revolution
5.2 The Rationalist Spirit and the Contribution
5.3 Application of the Critical Spirit
5.4 Age of Enlightened Despots
5.5 Dates & Events
5.6 Points to Remember
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