free booknotes online
PinkMonkey Online Study Guide-World History

9.4 The Glorious Revolution of 1688

During his reign of twenty-three years, Charles II ruled with the consent of Parliament, as far as possible. However, he was succeeded by his younger brother, James II in 1685, who ruled as an absolute autocrat.

In 1688, Parliament proclaimed its own sovereignty, by choosing a king of its own liking. William of Orange, who was the Protestant ruler of Holland and the son-in-law of James II, was sent for. He had been invited to rule. This invitation was accepted by William and his wife Mary. They came to England with an army.

As he would not be able to fight against the Parliament and William of Orange, James II escaped to France. Since this revolutionary change occurred in 1688 without any bloodshed, it is known as "the Glorious Revolution."

A Convention Parliament was summoned by William. It passed a Declaration of Rights and offered the crown to William and Mary, on condition that they agreed to respect the English laws. This offer was accepted by William and Mary, bringing an end the long struggle between Parliament and the king, establishing the supremacy of Parliament and constitutional laws in England.

The Parliament became supreme after the Glorious Revolution and passed a Bill of Rights (1689), which obtained the consent of King William and Queen Mary in 1689. The following were its main provisions:

  1. The pretended power of suspension or execution of laws by regal authority, without consent of Parliament, is illegal.

  2. The pretended power of dispersion with, or execution of laws by regal authority, as it had been as assumed and exercised recently, is illegal.

  3. Levy of money for, or to the use of the crown, by pretence or prerogative, without grant of Parliament for longer time, or in any other manner than the same is, or shall be granted, is illegal.

  4. It is the right of the subjects to petition the King.

  5. The raising or keeping a standing army within the kingdom, in time of peace, without the consent of Parliament is against the law.

  6. The election of members of Parliament ought to be free.
  7. The freedom of speech and debates or proceedings in parliament ought not to be impeached or questioned in any court or place, out of Parliament.
  8. Excessive bail ought not to be required nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
  9. Jurors should be duly empaneled and returned.
  10. Finally, for redress of all grievances, and for amendment, for strengthening and preserving laws, Parliament ought to be summoned as frequently as possible.

The crown was then bestowed upon William and Mary jointly. In case of default of their offspring, succession would be followed by Princess Anne and her offspring. Further, in default of her issue, the rule reigns would shift upon the issue of William by any wife other than Mary.


9.0 - Introduction
9.1 Origin of Democracy in England
9.2 Magna Carta-The Great Charter (1215)
9.3 Establishment and Development of Parliament
9.4 The Glorious Revolution of 1688
9.5 Rise of a Responsible Council Of Ministers
9.6 Reform Act Of 1832
9.7 Representation of the People Act, 1867
9.8 Representation of the People Act, 1884
9.9 Parliamentary Act, 1911
9.10 Representation of the People Acts 1918 & 1928
9.11 Dates & Events
9.12 Points to Remember

Chapter 10


All Contents Copyright ©
All rights reserved. Further Distribution Is Strictly Prohibited.

About Us
 | Advertising | Contact Us | Privacy Policy | Home Page
This page was last updated: 10/18/2019 4:47:53 PM