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1.3c The Great Compromise

The small states were content to allot one vote to each state in legislative matters. However the large states wanted representation based on population. The Convention compromised by allotting two senators to each state, whatever its size, and enabling the membership of the House of Representatives to be based on population, with the provision that there should be at least one representative for each state. This compromise frequently called the Connecticut Compromise.

1.3d Decisions on slavery

The slave-holding states (the southern states) wanted the slaves to be counted in population totals, for the purpose of representation. However, they did not want them to be counted for the purpose of allocating direct taxes to the states. The Convention then compromised by counting three-fifth of the slaves for both purposes. Though the Congress could regulate foreign trade, it was to have no power over the slave trade until 1808. The Congress was also forbidden to lay duties on exports.


1.3e Compromise over the Election of the President

An Electoral College would elect the President for a period of four years. It was provided that if no candidate received a majority of the electoral vote, the House of Representatives, voting by states, should proceed to elect a President from among the five highest candidates.

Index

1.0 - Introduction
1.1 The Continental Congress
1.2 The Articles of Confederation
1.3 The Constitutional Convention
1.4 Key Concepts in the Constitution
1.5 Summary of the Constitution
1.6 The Debate over Ratification
1.7 The Amendment Process
1.8 The Bill of Rights
1.9 Subsequent Amendments (1789-1992)

Chapter 2





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