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PinkMonkey Study Guide - American History

3. 4 The Declaration of Independence

Declaration of Independence
Exhibit 3.2

A people’s convention in North Carolina gave its delegates in the Congress, the right to decide towards Independence. The legislature in Virginia passed a similar motion. Thus, the Continental Congress appointed a committee of five prominent members: Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman and Robert Livingstone. The chairman of the committee, Thomas Jefferson prepared the historic document declaring Independence.

This moving declaration states that: "All men are created equal", and "endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights", which are "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness." A government’s duty is to "secure these rights." But when the government is or becomes "destructive of these ends," it is "the right of the people to alter or abolish it" so as to create a new government which would respect these natural rights of men. This historic declaration was adopted on July 4, 1776.

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Table of Contents

3.0 - Chronology of Major Events in this Period
3.1 - Causes
3.2 - The Events Leading tothe war of Independence
3.3 - The First Continental Congress
3.4 - The declaration of Independence
3.5 - The Course of the War
3.6 - War and Peace
3.7 - Articles ofConfederation
3.8 - The Formation and Ratification of the Constitution
3.9 - Points to Remember

Chapter 4


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