|PinkMonkey Study Guide - American History
CHAPTER 4 : THE FEDERALIST GOVERNMENT
4.0 Chronology of Major Events in this Period
1786 - Shays’ Rebellion in West Massachusetts.
1787 - The Federal Constitutional convention meets in Philadelphia;
The ’Federalist Papers’ put forth by Hamilton, Jay and Madison.
1788 - Ratification of U.S. Constitution by all States except Rhode Island and North Carolina.
1789 - First Session of the Congress meets; Washington elected as First President.
1790 - Hamilton’s Report on Public Credit.
1791 - Bank of the U.S. Established;
Bill of Rights adopted.
1793 - Citizen Genet Affair; Eli Whitney applies for Patent on Cotton, Gin.
1795 - Jay’s Treaty with Britain; Pinckney’s Treaty with Spain.
1796 - John Adams elected President.
1798 - XYZ affair.
1800 - Washington D.C. becomes Capital; Thomas Jefferson elected President.
1812 - Congress declares War against Britain.
The period between 1789 and the beginning of 1800s witnessed the rise of the U.S. as a young nation. Diplomatic relations with Europe were established to prevent war with U.S. which had only started to build an army, and navy. The federalists - led by Alexander Hamilton laid the foundation of this new nation. But there was also stiff opposition to their methods and ideas within the Congress. The opposing group was led by Thomas Jefferson and others. This period also saw the genesis of political parties in the U.S.