This program proposed by the Congress is known
as the Radical Reconstruction. President Johnson tried to sabotage
this program. He attempted to dismiss the secretary of war, Stanton,
to prevent the implementation of the program. The Congress checked
him. Claiming that President Johnson had violated the Tenure of
Office Act (1867), the Congress tried to impeach him. Johnson missed
impeachment by a narrow vote in the Senate.
Meanwhile, all Confederate states except Mississippi, Virginia and Texas agreed to the terms of the Radical Reconstruction.