In 1872, though Grant was re-elected, his administration
suffered a series of scandals due to widespread corruption. Moreover
the Reconstruction governments in the south were facing attacks
from citizens who wanted whites to be in the helm of southern society.
White Democrats formed terrorist organizations to disrupt Republican
meetings and threatened the black population. In 1875, the Congress
passed the Civil Rights Act. This act gave equality to blacks in
public places and prohibited the exclusion of blacks from the jury.