One fallout of the Reconstruction Program in the
south was the rise of a secret organization called the Ku Klux Klan.
This organization was formed by a group of men who were opposed
to the Reconstruction Program. The organization hated the Carpetbag
rule and despised the rise of Blacks in the political arena.
They attempted to strike terror in the hearts of the former slaves
and whites who supported freedom for the blacks. The Klan members
masked their faces and carried arms. They resorted to violent night
raids and terrorism.
The radical group in the Congress in an attempt
to check the Klan, introduced a series of measures called the
Third Enforcement Act on the Ku Klux Klan (1871).
This act gave the President the power to declare martial law in
any state and send armed forces to crush any conspiracy. Due to
this act, federal troops were sent to the south quite often. By
1871 the strength of the Ku Klux Klan was destroyed.