17.12 The Non-military Dimension of Nuclear Energy
The vast powers of nuclear energy can be channeled
for constructive use as well. The UN’s Atomic Energy Commission
(1946) was set up to ensure that atomic energy be used for peaceful
purposes. In fact, nuclear energy is considered to be a better replacement
for non-renewable resources like coal and oil. If properly tapped
it could sustain the world’s electricity needs. A few other fields
in which nuclear energy is considered important are:
The Medical Field: Radio-isotopes are widely
used in medicine. Medical disorders are diagnosed with the aid of
radioactive fluid. Syringes and surgical instruments are sterilized
The Industrial Field: Nuclear energy can
be used in the fields of mining and metallurgy. Radiation is used
to detect hidden defects in machinery.
Development Projects: Nuclear energy can
also be used for deepening and diverting rivers and also to blast
tunnels in mountains. It is also used to fight insect and plant
diseases. Radioisotopes are used to develop seeds with better quality.
Nuclear energy has manifold applications. A world
leader has aptly put it:
The use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes
can help us to eliminate war for all times to come and establish
a new, just and progressive world order, both political and economic.