On June 12, 1968, the General Assembly passed a
resolution recommending the adoption of the Nuclear Non-proliferation
Treaty. President Johnson of the US urged the members
in the General Assembly to adopt the Treaty. The objectives of the
treaty were to limit the spread of nuclear weapons from nuclear
to non-nuclear states, to encourage disarmament by nuclear nations
and to allow all nations to use nuclear technology for peaceful
There were a series of wars between various Arab
states and Israel ever since Israel received independence in 1948.
In these Wars the Soviet Union supported the Arab cause while the
US backed Israel. In the war between Israel and Egypt in 1967, the
Soviet Union expressed itself strongly, against the pro-Israeli
policies of the Western Powers. This increased the intensity of
the cold war between the Soviet Union and the US.
The Hungarian Revolt
The East European communist countries resented
Soviet domination. There were riots in East Berlin and Poland due
to this. A student revolt broke out in Hungary in October 1956.
Workers joined them. The Communist government first asked for Soviet
intervention but ultimately introduced reforms. As a result of this,
Soviet troops were withdrawn from Hungary. Enraged by this action,
Russia attempted harsh reprisals and the matter was brought up in
the UN by America.
Soviet Occupation of Czechoslovakia
Since 1948, a Communist government was in power
in Czechoslovakia. The Communist Party leader in Czechoslovakia,
Alexander Dubeck wanted to bring about a Socialist democratic revolution.
The Warsaw Pact countries and the Soviet Union attempted to stop
Dubeck from carrying out his reform plans. When these efforts failed,
Czechoslovakia was invaded by the Soviet, Polish, Hungarian, Bulgarian
and East German troops on August 20, 1968. The western powers passed
a resolution condemning the action by the Soviet Union conglomerate.