PinkMonkey Online Study Guide-World History
17.7 The Cold War after 1980
On December 8, 1987, the Intermediate Range
Nuclear Forces Treaty for the destruction of Europe-based missiles
signed between the US and the Soviet Union.
On April 14, 1988, Pakistan and Afghanistan formally
signed a US and Soviet Union guaranteed Accord at Geneva.
According to this agreement, the Soviet Union agreed to pull out
all Soviet troops from Afghanistan.
In August 1988, South Africa, Angola and Cuba announced
a cease-fire as agreed upon in Geneva.
The Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev visited
China in May 1989. This visit resulted in an agreement on the reduction
of armed forces on the Soviet-Chinese border.
In his New Year Greetings to the Soviets, Gorbachev
declared that the year 1989 had ended the Cold War.
In a television message to the Soviet Union, President Bush called
upon Gorbachev to join him in redoubling efforts to maintain world
peace. The Cold War came to an end because of the disarmament efforts
of the UN.