PinkMonkey Online Study Guide-World History
Charles A. Beard defines imperialism as an "employment
of the engines of government and diplomacy to acquire territories,
protectorates, and/or spheres of influence occupied usually by other
races or peoples and to promote industrial trade and investment
Political and economic domination is also involved
in modern imperialism.
Political imperialism refers to building of an
empire under a powerful empire through conquest of other countries
by military force. Thus a country, which is militarily, politically
and economically powerful, conquers a less powerful, weaker country.
This annexes the weaker one and makes it a colony. Political control
is then established upon her colony by the mother country, which
attempts to impose her political ideologies and institution upon
it. An outstanding example of this kind of imperialism is of British
imperialism in India.
The Industrial Revolution led to economic imperialism
or ’neo-imperialism.’ In this case, the industrially advanced countries
economically exploit the regions that were rich in raw materials.
These regions are also used as markets for their finished products
and for investment of surplus capital. This kind of economic imperialism
was imposed by England, France, Italy, Germany, and the U.S.A. upon
China. Though China was politically independent and sovereign under
the Manchu rule, it was economically dominated by these European
and American countries.
However, in the modern period, political and economic
imperialism exists together.
10.0 - Introduction
10.3 Forms and Techniques of Imperialism
10.4 Imperialism in Africa
10.5 Imperialism in Asia
10.6 Significance and Consequences of Imperialism
10.7 Points to Remember