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PinkMonkey Online Study Guide-World History


11.0 Introduction

The twentieth century ushered in a veritable ‘era of conflicts’ in different parts of the world. During 1894-95, the Sino-Japanese War took place, resulting in the victory of Japan over China. The Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905) soon followed in the Far East leading to the complete defeat of Russia. In 1905, the Russian Revolution transformed the ancient Tzarist autocracy into a Constitutional Monarchy. The "young Turks" under the leadership of Mustapha Kemal Ataturk Pasha, the father of modern Turkey, carried out a revolution in the Ottoman Empire in 1908-1909. In 1911, Italy seized the Ottoman provinces of Tripoli and Cyrenaica. This led to the two Balkan Wars which involved Austria-Hungary, Russia, Germany, Italy, Great Britain, the Ottoman Empire as well the Balkan countries like Serbia, Bulgaria, Rumania, Albania, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Great national and international rivalry was provoked by these Balkan wars which formed one of the important underlying causes of World War I (1914-1918).

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11.0 Introduction
11.1 Novel Features of World War I
11.2 Causes of World War I
11.3 The Course of World War I
11.4 Consequences of World War I
11.5 Dates & Events
11.6 Points to Remember

Chapter 12


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