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PinkMonkey Online Study Guide-World History

16.5 National Awakening in South East Asia

After World War I, other Asian countries, in South East Asia, such as Burma, Ceylon, Malaya, Singapore, Indonesia, Indo-China, Thailand, Laos, the Philippines and Vietnam, also experienced nationalist movements.


Nationalism emerged in Burma, after the young Burmese barristers returned from London to Burma. In 1906, they founded the Young Menís Buddhist Association (YMBA) and established several schools. However there was a nationwide protest when the Burmese learnt that they had been excluded from the new reforms, introduced in India. The British were finally forced to grant constitutional reforms in 1923. The radical group which included students from the national schools, were not satisfied with these reforms. These radical students started the Thakin movement in the University of Rangoon against the British. In 1931, Saya San with his well-disciplined Burmese peasants rose in rebellion against the British. In 1936, the radical student community once again went on strike against the British professors. After the strike was called off, two of their leaders Unu and Anung San, joined the Thakin movement. This was followed by the separation of Burma from India in 1937.

Burma secured political independence on January 4, 1948, under the leadership of the nationalist Thakin Nu. Burma thus became a Republic, completely outside the British Commonwealth.

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16.0 Introduction
16.1 - The Causes Of The Rise Of Nationalism In Asia
16.2 - Emergence Of India As A Nation
16.3 - Rise Of Modern China
16.4 - Rise Of Modern Japan
16.5 - National Awakening In South East Asia
16.6 - National Awakening In Arab Lands
16.7 - Israel
16.8 - African Nationalism
16.9 - Nationalism In Latin America
16.10 - Dates & Events

Chapter 17


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